Turkish Interrogatives – Which?

hangi Interrogative Hangi ‘which’ act like determiners of noun phrases and as such always appear at the head of the noun phrase, (1) Uzmanlara göre hangi bitkiler daha faydalı? expert-PL-DAT according-to which plant-PL more benefit-ADJ ‘according to experts, which plants are more beneficial? (2) hangi arabayı aldın? which car-ACC buy-PT-2s ‘which car did you buy? …

Turkish Interrogatives – Who?

kim Interrogative kim ‘who’ is used to form who questions in Turkish, kim geldi who come-PT ‘who came?’ Kim is subject to suffixation, kimde? who-LOC ‘who has it?’ kimlere verdin? who-PL-DAT give-PT-2S ‘whom did you give (it) to?’ kimden aldınız? who-ABL buy-PT-2PL ‘whom did you buy (it) from?’ kimin defteri? who-GEN notebook-3S.POSS ‘whose notebook?’

Turkish Interrogatives – How?

Nasıl? Nasıl is the fourth interrogative derived from ne ‘what’ by compounding, in this instance with asıl ‘basis’ (Lewis, 2000), nasıl? how (he/she/it) Nasıl can take on a limited number of suffixes, nasılsın? how-2S ‘how are you?’ nasıldı? how-be.PT ‘how was it?’ nasılmış? how-be.EVI ‘how was it?’ (evidentiary) In a non-interrogative clause it can be …

Turkish Interrogatives – Why?

Neden? Niye? Niçin? There are three interrogative forms in Turkish that can be translated as ‘why’ in to English: (i) neden, (ii) niçin and (iii) niye. (i) Neden ‘why’ comes from the ablatives case of ne ‘what’. : neden? what-ABL ‘why?’ neden durdu? what-ABL stop-PT-3S ‘why did it stop?’ (ii) Niye on the other hand …

Turkish Interrogatives – Where?

Nere? When paired with the no longer productive directional suffix -re, ne forms the basis for nere which means ‘where’ in Turkish, nere ora? what-DIR that-DIR ‘where is there?’ -re/-ra are old directional suffixes from Turkic. They are no longer productive in modern Turkish, but they can still be found in fossilized forms in directional …

Turkish Interrogatives – When?

Ne zaman? In Turkish, ne ‘what’ is combined with zaman ‘time’ to form when questions: Bu olay ne zaman oldu? this event what time happen-PT ‘when did this event occur?’ Dün oldu yesterday happen-PT ‘it happened yesterday’ Please note that although the phrase ne zaman literally translates to ‘what time’ in English, its most accurate …

Turkish Interrogatives – What?

Ne? Turkish ne is generally similar to English what both in usage and meaning. Can be used to question objects: (sen) ne içersin? (you) what drink-AOR-2S ‘what would you like to drink?’ su lütfen water please or actions with the help of yap ‘make or do’ or auxiliary verb ol ‘happen’: ne yaptın? what do-PT-2S …

Turkish Interrogatives

Content questions Content questions in Turkish include the wh-, how and how many/much interrogatives. Unlike English, auxiliary verbs are not used to form content questions in Turkish. Phrases with interrogatives in absence of subordinate markers understood to be questions. Turkish content question words are placed in situ. In other words, an interrogative goes into the …