Turkish Interrogatives – Which?

hangi Interrogative Hangi ‘which’ act like determiners of noun phrases and as such always appear at the head of the noun phrase, (1) Uzmanlara göre hangi bitkiler daha faydalı? expert-PL-DAT according-to which plant-PL more benefit-ADJ ‘according to experts, which plants are more beneficial? (2) hangi arabayı aldın? which car-ACC buy-PT-2s ‘which car did you buy? …

Turkish Interrogatives – Who?

kim Interrogative kim ‘who’ is used to form who questions in Turkish, kim geldi who come-PT ‘who came?’ Kim is subject to suffixation, kimde? who-LOC ‘who has it?’ kimlere verdin? who-PL-DAT give-PT-2S ‘whom did you give (it) to?’ kimden aldınız? who-ABL buy-PT-2PL ‘whom did you buy (it) from?’ kimin defteri? who-GEN notebook-3S.POSS ‘whose notebook?’

Turkish Interrogatives – How?

Nasıl? Nasıl is the fourth interrogative derived from ne ‘what’ by compounding, in this instance with asıl ‘basis’ (Lewis, 2000), nasıl? how (he/she/it) Nasıl can take on a limited number of suffixes, nasılsın? how-2S ‘how are you?’ nasıldı? how-be.PT ‘how was it?’ nasılmış? how-be.EVI ‘how was it?’ (evidentiary) In a non-interrogative clause it can be …

Turkish Interrogatives – Why?

Neden? Niye? Niçin? There are three interrogative forms in Turkish that can be translated as ‘why’ in to English: (i) neden, (ii) niçin and (iii) niye. (i) Neden ‘why’ comes from the ablatives case of ne ‘what’. : neden? what-ABL ‘why?’ neden durdu? what-ABL stop-PT-3S ‘why did it stop?’ (ii) Niye on the other hand …

Turkish Interrogatives – Where?

Nere? When paired with the no longer productive directional suffix -re, ne forms the basis for nere which means ‘where’ in Turkish, nere ora? what-DIR that-DIR ‘where is there?’ -re/-ra are old directional suffixes from Turkic. They are no longer productive in modern Turkish, but they can still be found in fossilized forms in directional …

Turkish Interrogatives – When?

Ne zaman? In Turkish, ne ‘what’ is combined with zaman ‘time’ to form when questions: Bu olay ne zaman oldu? this event what time happen-PT ‘when did this event occur?’ Dün oldu yesterday happen-PT ‘it happened yesterday’ Please note that although the phrase ne zaman literally translates to ‘what time’ in English, its most accurate …

Turkish Interrogatives – What?

Ne? Turkish ne is generally similar to English what both in usage and meaning. Can be used to question objects: (sen) ne içersin? (you) what drink-AOR-2S ‘what would you like to drink?’ su lütfen water please or actions with the help of yap ‘make or do’ or auxiliary verb ol ‘happen’: ne yaptın? what do-PT-2S …