The Gregorian calendar is the standard calendar used in Turkey. Hijri (Turkish Hicri) or Islamic Calendar is used mostly in religious and sometimes in historical contexts.
Turkish uses of date and time terminology is very similar to English ones. Thus, generally speaking, most literal translation of English date terms into Turkish should be fine (some exceptions are noted below).
General Date Terms
Previous or next year, season, month, week and day can be specified by use of geçen ‘past’ and gelecek ‘upcoming’:
Please note that geçen gün translates to ‘the other day’, and not to yesterday.
Years are generally spoken as full numbers, especially in formal contexts. However, just as in English, only the last two digits might also be used in informal speech.
Turkish equivalents of A.D.(or C.E.) and B.C. (or B.C.E) are M.Ö. (Mîlattan Önce) and M.S. (Mîlattan Sonra), respectively. M.S. is usually not used unless necessary:
These labels along with ordinals can be used to indicate centuries:
When the date consists only of numbers following formats are used: DD/MM/YYYY or DD.MM.YYYY. Please note that this order differs from the American system.
With month names:
Continued in Date II.