Personal (Possessive) Markers

Similar to the English possessive ‘s, Turkish possessives express possession or relationship. However, in Turkish, possessor identification is more explicit in that the possessed must be marked with one of six personal (possessive) suffixes.

All of these suffixes are subject to rounding harmony except the third person plural suffix. In addition, most of these suffixes will drop their initial vowel to avoid vowel cluster when attached to a stem ending with a vowel. However, because the only sound in third person singular suffix is a vowel, it cannot be dropped. In these situations -s is inserted before the suffix to avoid a vowel cluster.

After consonants
Person

İ Ü I U
1S -im -üm -ım -um
2S -in -ün -ın -un
3S -i -u
1P -imiz -ümüz -ımız -umuz
2P -iniz -ünüz -ınız -unuz
3P -leri -ları
After vowels
Person

İ Ü I U
1S -m
2S -n
3S -si -sü -sı -su
1P -miz -müz -mız -muz
2P -niz -nüz -nız -nuz
3P -leri -ları

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