Turkish Numerals

sıfır 0
bir 1
iki 2 yirmi 20
üç 3 otuz 30
dört 4 kırk 40
beş 5 elli 50
altı 6 altmış 60
yedi 7 yetmiş 70
sekiz 8 seksen 80
dokuz 9 doksan 90
on 10 yüz 100
bin 1000
milyon million milyar billion
trilyon trillion katrilyon quadrillion

Numbers in words formed using simple conjunctions with spaces between them:

on bir ’11’

yirmi bir ’21’

yüz bir ‘101’

bin bir ‘1001’

yüz on dört bin sekiz yüz kırk iki ‘114,842’

Ordinals

Suffix -inci is attached to numerals to form ordinals. When the number ends with a vowel the initial i is dropped and -nci is used instead. Please note the four variants of the ordinal suffix below based on vowel harmony rules which will be covered in the next lesson.

 birinci ‘first’

ikinci ‘second’

üçüncü ‘third’

dördüncü ‘fourth’

beşinci ‘fifth’

altıncı ‘sixth’

yedinci ‘seventh’

sekizinci ‘eighth’

dokuzuncu ‘ninth’

onuncu ‘tenth’

In compound numerals only the right most (final) numeral takes on the ordinal suffix:

on beşinci ‘fifteenth’

yüzüncü ‘hundredth’

Telephone numbers are usually read in hundreds for the area code, hundreds for the first three digits and in tens for the last four digits:

yüz yirmi bir, beş yüz altmış iki, on dört, yirmi sekiz (121)562-1428

Use of comma and period signs with numbers

Traditionally, virgül ‘comma’ was used as decimal and nokta ‘period’ as thousands separators. This is still the official form of using these symbols (at least according to the 2001 version of TDK İmla Kılavuzu published by the Turkish Language Association). However, because of widespread internet use and intense international trade, it is possible to see the use of English system as well. So, you might see both forms: 1.000.234,55 or 1,000,234.55.

Period is also used to with numbers to indicate ordinality. So, 2. Sokak is read as

ikinci sokak ‘second street’

and not as

iki nokta sokak ‘two period street’

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